To Fight Malnutrition, These African Nuns Grow Protein-Rich Spirulina Behind Their Health Clinic

One of the nuns spoke to the photographer with glimmering eyes, saying, “None of our babies die anymore, we have a huge success with this.”

In the war-torn city of Bangui, Central African Republic, a mission of Catholic nuns are fighting malnutrition in one of the most innovative ways possible: by growing a bounty of vitamin and protein-rich spirulina in the backyard behind their health center.

Credit: Sebastian Rich

Nuns at the St. Joseph Health Center have seen some of the worst side effects from war between Muslim groups and Christians in the crumbling capitol city of Bangui. Since 2012, thousands of lives have been lost, and hundreds of thousands more have been displaced from their homes due to conflict between the religious groups.

According to Sister Margherita Floris, who has been the driving force of the medical center for more than 20 years, one of the saddest effects of the conflict has been malnutrition.

Below she cradles a child who has found refuge and security at St. Josephs Health Center.

Credit: Sebastian Rich

Sebastian Rich was the brave photographer who ventured into the war-ravaged territory of Central African Republic to capture the innovative deeds being carried out by nuns at the St. Joseph Health Center. In conversation with the photographer, Sister Margherita said the number of children being treated for acute malnutrition in Bangui “is so so many, too many, I can’t count, but we try to do our very best.”

The sisters who reside at the health center serve women and children with pre and post-natal care. They do their best to alleviate the suffering of children with acute malnutrition, but due to lack of supplies, have had to literally taken matters into their own hands.

Instead of waiting for high protein supplements from the NGOs to arrive, which more often than not don’t because they get held up due to security issues across the country, the nuns grow protein and vitamin-rich blue-green algae in their own backyard.

Credit: Sebastian Rich

The sisters first learned of the benefits spirulina might offer to those they aid when a French pharmacist passed through a few years ago and gifted them the formula and the technical skills to grow the blue-green algae behind their center.

Though the U.S.’s National Institutes of Health reports that early research on the use of this type of algae to aid malnutrition in infants and children has been mixed, undernourished children who were given spirulina with a combination of other food gained weight. For this reason and others, the sisters did not hold back on begging and borrowing supplies from the local community to single-handedly build the concrete tanks that would eventually grow the algae.

And their effort has been met with incredible results. Sister Margherita spoke to Rich with a sparkle in her eye, saying, “none of our babies die anymore, we have a huge success with this.”

Credit: Sebastian Rich

Because Spirulina contains all of the essential amino acids, plus minerals like iron, it is a great protein source to be utilized by all people, and especially grown and harvested in rural locations with minimal supplies and/or nutritious food. More communities in third-world countries could most definitely thrive if such as source of beneficial nutrition was invested in by organizations seeking to do good.

According to the United Nations, more children will die in CAR from malnutrition and related diseases than from bullets. Death from malnutrition is even more deadly in the rainy season because diarrhea and malaria are then at their peak. Sadly, it is estimated that 28,000 children in CAR will suffer from acute malnutrition this year alone.

Credit: Sebastian Rich

The sisters of St. Joseph are helping to reduce this shocking statistic, however, and will hopefully inspire other health centers in rural and urban locations to follow suit as the world progresses.

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Latest Windows 7/8/8.1 Updates Spy on you like Windows 10


Windows 10 has been installed by more than 50 million users worldwide, yet, it remains a little known fact that Windows 10 operating system captures and reports user data back to Microsoft servers.

Due to this, many loyal Windows users are unhappy with Windows 10 spying capabilities, and have chosen to instead stick with Windows 7 or Windows 8/8.1. However, the latest updates Microsoft has been pushing to Windows 7, 8 and 8.1 users could change everything for the privacy conscious.

Microsoft’s latest updates named, KB3075249 and KB3080149, are responsible for reporting user data back to Microsoft servers.

KB3075249 adds telemetry points to consent.exe running in Windows 7 and the 8.1 operating system versions. Microsoft’s support page describes the two updates as:

  • KB3075249 – “This update adds telemetry points to the User Account Control (UAC) feature to collect information on elevations that come from low integrity levels.”
  • KB3080149 – “This package updates the Diagnostics and Telemetry tracking service to existing devices. This service provides benefits from the latest version of Windows to systems that have not yet upgraded. The update also supports applications that are subscribed to Visual Studio Application Insights.”

Simply put, if these updates are installed on any Windows machines, they will snoop on you and report data back to Microsoft servers just as Windows 10 does by default. Once the updates are installed, the machine is no more private than a Windows 10 machine as it reports swaths of personal data right back to the company.

Windows 7/8/8.1 Snooping Updates Don’t Stop There

There is little to no news regarding the updates, however, tech forums are enraged about the company’s spying habits. Users throughout various forums have reported users should avoid the following updates from Microsoft:

  • KB3035583– According to Microsoft, this update enables “additional capabilities for Windows Update notifications when new updates are available”.
  • KB2952664 – Labeled a compatibility upgrade for upgrading Windows 7, its purpose is to “make improvements to the current operating system in order to ease the upgrade experience to the latest version of Windows”.
  • KB2976978 – A compatibility update for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8 which “performs diagnostics on the Windows system [..] to determine whether compatibility issues may be encountered when the latest Windows operating system is installed.
  • KB3021917 – Does the same as KB2976978 but on Windows 7.
  • KB3044374 – This update for Windows 8.1 enables systems to upgrade from the current operating system to a later version of Windows.
  • KB2990214 – Does the same as KB3044374 but on Windows 7.
  • KB30223

If you enjoy your privacy and have stuck to an earlier Windows version to avoid Microsoft’s data collection abuse, we highly recommend you avoid the updates mentioned above. But how do you know if any of the following updates were installed on your machine? Easy!

How to Uninstall the Privacy Violating Updates

To check if any of the following updates are installed on your system, you can:

  1. Click the Windows Start Menu on the bottom left, type in CMD and hit enter
  2. Type powershell and hit enter
  3. Run the following command to check whether or not an update is installed: get-hotfix -id KB3035583
  4. If you wish to speed things up you can run multiple checks in a single command like this: get-hotfix -id KB3035583,KB2952664,KB2976978,KB3021917,KB3044374,KB2990214,KB3022345

If no update is found, the command prompt may bring up some red text with an error, don’t worry though, it’s simply stating no update with that label exists. However, if an update is found, it should display some information such as description, ID and the date it was installed.

If you wish to remove any of the updates you can follow the steps below to remove these privacy violating updates in Windows 7/8/8.1 (we cannot be help responsible if anything happens to your system during any of these processes):

  1. Once again click the Windows Start Menu, type CMD and hit enter. If you are still in powershell from the previous commands, type exit to leave.
  2. Execute the following command to uninstall any desired patches and change the end numbers to uninstall different updates: wusa /uninstall /kb:2952664

A full list of updates that can spy on you was listed on SevenForums, with users claiming the following should not be installed:
KB2876229 (if you want Skype then install it), KB2923545, KB2970228, KB3035583, KB2990214, KB3021917, KB3068708 , KB2592687, KB2660075, KB2506928, KB2952664 x2, KB3050265, KB2726535, KB2994023, KB3022345 (replaced by KB3068708 Telemetry), KB3022345 (caused false sfc result), KB2545698 (IE9), KB3065987, KB3080149 and KB3075249, however this list has not yet been independently verified.

To ensure your system stays safe from these spying updates, be sure to check the status code before installing any updates. If you notice any of the above, simply right click the update, and select hide this update. Be careful though, they may reappear after a reboot.

Who is Stealing IMF Loans to Ukraine?

If only these wealthy oligarch pawns use their power for good and help their own ppl.

Futurist Trendcast

Latest news re oligarch and criminal Kolomoysky, who is now in the US.

Apparently, Kolomoysky appropriated 1.8 billion dollars from the IMF transfer, which was to hold the Ukrainian economy afloat, and that money were traced to his account in Cyprus. The original article in German:

Lada says:

Incidentally, The last I’ve heard Kolomoysky is back at his estate in Switzerland.

Ukraine oligarch, country’s raider No. 1 and former governor of Dnepropetrovsk, Kolomoysky holds 3 citizenships: Ukrainian, Israeli and Cyprus. When asked how he could hold 3 citizenships if it was illegal, he replied: “By law, two citizenships are illegal in Ukraine, but not three.”

It’s not surprising Kolomoysky would be implicated in the disappearance of the IMF loans. But there is much more to the story.

Kolomoysky controls the largest, and at this point almost the only, Ukrainian bank…

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freedom from fear

The old slogan by Timothy Leary applies, “Turn on, tune in, drop out”.
I’m glad you found clarity of mind once more.

“Turn on” meant go within to activate your neural and genetic equipment. Become sensitive to the many and various levels of consciousness and the specific triggers that engage them. Drugs were one way to accomplish this end. “Tune in” meant interact harmoniously with the world around you – externalize, materialize, express your new internal perspectives. “Drop out” suggested an active, selective, graceful process of detachment from involuntary or unconscious commitments. “Drop Out” meant self-reliance, a discovery of one’s singularity, a commitment to mobility, choice, and change. Unhappily my explanations of this sequence of personal development were often misinterpreted to mean “Get stoned and abandon all constructive activity”.

♪Going to California (Live at Georgia Theatre)

Can you feel it? 🙂

Dave Rawlings Machine performs “Going To California” (By Led Zeppelin) live at the Georgia Theatre in Athens, Ga. Dave Rawlings Machine is comprised of Dave Rawlings, Gillian Welch, John Paul Jones (Led Zeppelin), Willie Watson (Old Crowe Medicine Show), and Paul Kowert (Punch Brothers).

For more awesome live performances from Dave Rawlings Machine and other great bands, visit

Author Feature. Paulette Mahurin’s New Release: To Live Out Loud

Proceeds from our very own WP author, Paulette Mahurin, will go towards helping rescue dogs. So purchase and read her very latest novel: To Live Out Loud. Highly recommended!

Also please support your local no-kill animal shelters, or adopt a furry friend and save a life! Blessings ❤

Lada Ray Blog

My dear friend Paulette Mahurin from California has just published her new book To Live Out Loud. She is one of the sweetwest and kindest people you will meet. Her books are about justice, compassion and about those who fight for the truth and against injustices of this world. Paulette is also a huge animal advocate; profits from her book sales help in dog rescue.

A couple of years ago I did a review (5 stars) of Paulette’s first book:

Book Review: The Persecution of Mildred Dunlap by Paulette Mahurin

The new book continues the historic and justice themes. It is a relatively short read – the paperback is 172 pages long.

Paulette Mahurin bookSYNOPSIS

In 1895, France was torn asunder by a scandal that rocked the nation and divided the country. An innocent Jewish military officer, Alfred Dreyfus, was unjustly sentenced to life imprisonment on a desolate island. The news that…

View original post 421 more words

All of your hopes and dreams come down to 0.25%


August 28, 2015

Charles Dickens opened his 1859 masterpiece A Tale of Two Cities with one of the most famous introductions in literary history:

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times… “

This line is notoriously incomprehensible to high school students around the world.

But as paradoxical as it sounds, it truly hits the nail on the head in describing social inequality.

Dickens wrote his book about the struggles in England and France just prior to and during the French Revolution.

For the aristocracy it was the best of times.

These people were born into a life of unparalleled prestige and luxury simply by accident of birth, without ever having to work a day in their lives.

The working class, on the other hand, toiled away in starvation devoid of any opportunity, freedom, or hope.

For them, it was the worst of times.

Right now the Fed is going to meet in Jackson Hole, Wyoming to discuss what they’re going to do about interest rates.

Interest rates have been kept at zero for years, and now there is talk that they might raise rates to 0.25%.

This is far from a guaranteed thing. In fact, one of the most influential members of the Fed has already stated that with stocks swooning they likely won’t raise rates after all.

That tells you everything you need to know about the Fed. They’re not there for the economy; they’re there to keep stocks in a bubble.

Through their interventions they’ve created massive risks in the financial system, from which the tiniest elite has received disproportionate benefit.

Over the last four years, the top 80 billionaires saw their wealth increased by 50%, while the incomes for the rest of the population remained stagnant.

Adjusted for inflation, the average worker is actually far worse off than they were 15 years ago.

They are the ones who have had to suffer the consequences of the Fed’s actions.

They’ve endured gyrating financial markets, banks that are pitifully capitalized, and insolvent national pension funds—taking all of the risk, but none of the reward.

It might not be the worst of times, but with inequality rising, it’s getting there.

There’s nothing wrong with inequality itself.

There are no two human beings on the planet who are equal. In fact, even trying to strive for equality is both impossible and really boring.

We all have different talents and different productive abilities.

I’m never going to run as fast as Usain Bolt, and I’m just going to have to live with that.

The issue arises when people are able to disproportionately benefit without having to lift a finger at the expense of the rest thanks to a corrupt financial system.

When an entire class of people is able to grow wealthier to the tune of trillions of dollars, simply because central bankers print money and stick everyone else with the bill—that creates huge problems.

Right now, while the Fed is meeting in Jackson Hole, there is a group of activists also meeting there to protest against Fed policy.

100,000 people have signed a petition telling the Fed not to raise interest rates.

They claim that the recovery has only helped Wall Street and the wealthy, whereas for the working class wages haven’t gone up at all. And they’re right.

But what is really sad about this is the fact they’re begging the Fed to not raise rates until wages have gone up.

All these people have their hopes and dreams tied on a quarter of a percent.

That’s how ridiculous things have become.

People are so horrified that if money isn’t absolutely free that all hell will break loose—that people are going to go broke, the market’s going to crash, and that there won’t be any jobs.

That’s a pretty sad state of affairs, and it is by no stretch of the imagination the foundation for a free and prosperous nation.

It is the height of central planning and it is a form of economic tyranny.

Fortunately, this system is on the way out.

Nations are going bankrupt, entire banking systems are nearly insolvent, and national pension funds are already broke.

Governments and central banks have backed themselves into a corner with no way out.

Just look at China: one of the most authoritarian governments in the world can’t control its own market.

And that’s what’s so exciting.

When everything they try isn’t working, it’s clearly time to hit the reset button.

And for those who are ready for it, this will bring a whole new world of opportunities.

Dickens closed his book with a poignant quote that I think it very fitting here:

“I see a beautiful city and a brilliant people rising from this abyss, and, in their struggles to be truly free, in their triumphs and defeats, through long years to come, I see the evil of this time and of the previous time of which this is the natural birth, gradually making expiation for itself and wearing out.”

REBEL YELL: “Don’t Owe, Won’t Pay”, Everything You’ve Been Told About Debt Is Wrong – By Charles Eisenstein


Source –

– The legitimacy of a given social order rests on the legitimacy of its debts. Even in ancient times this was so. In traditional cultures, debt in a broad sense—gifts to be reciprocated, memories of help rendered, obligations not yet fulfilled—was a glue that held society together. Everybody at one time or another owed something to someone else. Repayment of debt was inseparable from the meeting of social obligations; it resonated with the principles of fairness and gratitude.

The moral associations of making good on one’s debts are still with us today, informing the logic of austerity as well as the legal code. A good country, or a good person, is supposed to make every effort to repay debts. Accordingly, if a country like Jamaica or Greece, or a municipality like Baltimore or Detroit, has insufficient revenue to make its debt payments, it is morally compelled to privatize public assets, slash pensions and salaries, liquidate natural resources, and cut public services so it can use the savings to pay creditors. Such a prescription takes for granted the legitimacy of its debts.

Today a burgeoning debt resistance movement draws from the realization that many of these debts are not fair. Most obviously unfair are loans involving illegal or deceptive practices—the kind that were rampant in the lead-up to the 2008 financial crisis. From sneaky balloon interest hikes on mortgages, to loans deliberately made to unqualified borrowers, to incomprehensible financial products peddled to local governments that were kept ignorant about their risks, these practices resulted in billions of dollars of extra costs for citizens and public institutions alike.

A movement is arising to challenge these debts. In Europe, the International Citizen debt Audit Network (ICAN) promotes “citizen debt audits,” in which activists examine the books of municipalities and other public institutions to determine which debts were incurred through fraudulent, unjust, or illegal means. They then try to persuade the government or institution to contest or renegotiate those debts. In 2012, towns in France declared they would refuse to pay part of their debt obligations to the bailed-out bank Dexia, claiming its deceptive practices resulted in interest rate jumps to as high as 13 percent. Meanwhile, in the United States, the city of Baltimore filed a class-action lawsuit to recover losses incurred through the Libor rate-fixing scandal, losses that could amount to billions of dollars.

And Libor is just the tip of the iceberg. In a time of rampant financial lawbreaking, who knows what citizen audits might uncover? Furthermore, at a time when the law itself is so subject to manipulation by financial interests, why should resistance be limited to debts that involved lawbreaking? After all, the 2008 crash resulted from a deep systemic corruption in which “risky” derivative products turned out to be risk-free—not on their own merits, but because of government and Federal Reserve bailouts that amounted to a de facto guarantee.

The perpetrators of these “financial instruments of mass destruction” (as Warren Buffett labeled them) were rewarded while homeowners, other borrowers, and taxpayers were left with collapsed asset values and higher debts.

This is part of a context of unjust economic, political, or social conditions that compels the debtor to go into debt. When that injustice is pervasive, aren’t all or most debts illegitimate? In many countries, declining real wages and reduced public services virtually compel citizens to go into debt just to maintain their standard of living. Is debt legitimate when it is systemically foisted on the vast majority of people and nations? If it isn’t, then resistance to illegitimate debt has profound political consequences.

This feeling of pervasive, systemic unfairness is palpable in the so-called developing world and in increasing swathes of the rest. African and Latin American nations, southern and Eastern Europe, communities of color, students, homeowners with mortgages, municipalities, the unemployed … the list of those who strain under enormous debt through no fault of their own is endless. They share the perception that their debts are somehow unfair, illegitimate, even if there is no legal basis for that perception. Hence the slogan that is spreading among debt activists and resisters everywhere: “Don’t owe. Won’t pay.”

Challenges to these debts cannot be based on appeals to the letter of the law alone when the laws are biased in favor of creditors. There is, however, a legal principle for challenging otherwise legal debts: the principle of “odious debt.” Originally signifying debt incurred on behalf of a nation by its leaders that does not actually benefit the nation, the concept can be extended into a powerful tool for systemic change.

Odious debt was a key concept in recent debt audits on the national level, most notably that of Ecuador in 2008 that led to its defaulting on billions of dollars of its foreign debt. Nothing terrible happened to it, setting a dangerous precedent (from the creditors’ point of view). Greece’s Truth Commission on Public Debt is auditing all of that nation’s sovereign debt with the same possibility in mind. Other nations are likely taking notice because their debts, which are obviously unpayable, condemn them to an eternity of austerity, wage cuts, natural resource liquidation, privatization, etc., for the privilege of staying in debt (and remaining part of the global financial system).

In most cases, the debts are never paid off. According to a report by the Jubilee Debt Campaign, since 1970 Jamaica has borrowed $18.5 billion and paid back $19.8 billion, yet still owes $7.8 billion. In the same period, the Philippines borrowed $110 billion, has paid back $125 billion, and owes $45 billion. These are not isolated examples. Essentially what is happening here is that money—in the form of labor power and natural resources—is being extracted from these countries. More goes out than comes in, thanks to the fact that all these loans bear interest.

What debts are “odious”? Some examples are obvious, such as loans to build the infamous Bataan Nuclear Power Plant from which Westinghouse and Marcos cronies profited enormously but which never produced any electricity, or the military expenditures of juntas in El Salvador or Greece.

But what about the huge amount of debt that financed large-scale, centralized development projects? Neoliberal ideology says those are to the great benefit of a nation, but now it is becoming apparent that the main beneficiaries were corporations from the same nations that were doing the lending. Moreover, the bulk of this development is geared toward enabling the recipient to generate foreign exchange by opening up its petroleum, minerals, timber, or other resources to exploitation, or by converting subsistence agriculture to commodity agribusiness, or by making its labor force available to global capital. The foreign exchange generated is required to make loan payments, but the people don’t necessarily benefit. Might we not say, then, that most debt owed by the “developing” world is odious, born of colonial and imperial relationships?

The same might be said for municipal, household, and personal debt. Tax laws, financial deregulation, and economic globalization have siphoned money into the hands of corporations and the very rich, forcing everyone else to borrow in order to meet basic needs. Municipalities and regional governments now must borrow to provide the services that tax revenues once funded before industry fled to the places of least regulation and lowest wages in the global “race to the bottom.” Students now must borrow to attend universities that were once heavily subsidized by government.

Stagnant wages force families to borrow just to live. The rising tide of debt cannot be explained by a rising tide of laziness or irresponsibility. The debt is systemic and inescapable. It isn’t fair, and people know it. As the concept of illegitimate debts spreads, the moral compulsion to repay them will wane, and new forms of debt resistance will emerge. Indeed, they already are in places most affected by the economic crisis, such as Spain, where a strong anti-eviction movement challenges the legitimacy of mortgage debt and has just gotten an activist elected mayor of Barcelona.

As the recent drama in Greece has shown us, though, isolated acts of resistance are easily crushed. Standing alone, Greece faced a stark choice: either capitulate to the European institutions and enact austerity measures even more punishing than those its people rejected in the referendum or suffer the sudden destruction of its banks. Since the latter would entail a humanitarian catastrophe, the Syriza government chose to capitulate. Nonetheless, Greece rendered the world an important service by making the fact of debt slavery plain, as well as revealing the power of undemocratic institutions such as the European Central Bank to dictate domestic economic policy.

Besides direct resistance, people are finding ways to live outside the conventional financial system and, in the process, prefigure what might replace it. Complementary currencies, time banks, direct-to-consumer farm cooperatives, legal aid cooperatives, gift economy networks, tool libraries, medical cooperatives, child care cooperatives, and other forms of economic cooperation are proliferating in Greece and Spain, in many cases recalling traditional forms of communalism that still exist in societies that aren’t fully modernized.

Debt is a potent rallying issue because of its ubiquity and its psychological gravity. Unlike climate change, which is easy to relegate to theoretical importance when, after all, the supermarkets are still full of food and the air conditioner is still running, debt affects the lives of growing numbers of people directly and undeniably: a yoke, a burden, a constant constraint on their freedom. Three-quarters of Americans carry some form of debt. Student debt stands at more than $1.3 trillion in the United States and averages more than $33,000 per graduating student. Municipalities around the country are cutting services to the bone, laying off employees, and slashing pensions. Why? To make payments on their debts. The same is true of entire nations, as creditors—and the financial markets that drive them—tighten their death grip on southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, and the rest of the world. Most people need little persuading that debt has become a tyrant over their lives.

What is harder for them to see, though, is that they could ever be free of their debts, which are often described as “inescapable” or “crushing.” That is why even the most modest challenges to debt legitimacy, such as the aforementioned citizen audits, have revolutionary implications. They cast into question the certainty of debt. If one debt can be nullified, maybe all of them can—not only for nations but for municipalities, school districts, hospitals, and people too. That’s why the European authorities made such a humiliating example of Greece—they needed to maintain the principle of inviolability of debt. That’s also why hundreds of billions of dollars were used to bail out the creditors who made bad loans in the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis, but not a penny was spent bailing out the debtors.

Not only does debt have the potential to be a rallying point of near-universal appeal, it also happens to be a unique political pressure point. That’s because the results of mass debt resistance would be catastrophic for the financial system. The Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008 demonstrated that the system is so highly leveraged and so tightly interconnected that even a small disruption can cascade into a massive systemic crisis. Moreover, “won’t pay” is a form of protest easily accessible to the atomized digital citizen who has been sundered from most forms of political association; arguably, it is the only form of digital action that has much real-world impact. No street protests are necessary, no confrontations with riot police, to stop payment on a credit card or student loan. The financial system is vulnerable to a few million mouse clicks. Herein lies a resolution to the dilemma posed by Silvia Federici in the South Atlantic Quarterly: “Instead of work, exploitation, and above all ‘bosses,’ so prominent in the world of smoke stacks, we now have debtors confronting not an employer but a bank and confronting it alone, not as part of a collective body and collective relation, as was the case with wage workers.” So let’s organize and spread awareness. We needn’t confront the banks, the bond markets, or the financial system alone.

What should be the ultimate goal of the debt resistance movement? The systemic nature of the debt problem implies that none of the policy proposals that are realistic or reachable in the present political environment are worth pursuing. Reducing rates on student loans, offering mortgage relief, reining in payday lending, or reducing debt in the Global South might be politically feasible, but by mitigating the worst abuses of the system, they make that system slightly more tolerable and imply that the problem is not the system—we just need to fix these abuses.

Conventional redistributive strategies, such as higher marginal income tax rates, also face limitations, mostly because they don’t address the deep root of the debt crisis: the slowdown of economic growth worldwide, or, as a Marxist would put it, the falling return on capital. More and more economists are joining a distinguished lineage that includes Herman Daly, E.F. Schumacher, and even (though this is little known) John Maynard Keynes to argue that we are nearing the end of growth—primarily, but not only, for ecological reasons. When growth stalls, lending opportunities disappear. Since money is essentially lent into existence, debt levels increase faster than the supply of money required to service them. The result, as Thomas Piketty described so clearly, is rising indebtedness and concentration of wealth.

The aforementioned policy proposals have a further defect as well: They are so moderate they have little potential to inspire a mass popular movement. Reduced interest rates or other incremental reforms are not going to arouse an apathetic and disillusioned citizenry. Recall the Nuclear Freeze movement of the 1980s: Widely decried as naïve and unrealistic by establishment liberals, it generated a vocal and committed movement that contributed to the climate of opinion behind the START agreements of the Reagan era. The economic reform movements need something equally simple, graspable, and appealing. What about the cancellation of all student debt? What about a jubilee, a fresh start for mortgage debtors, student debtors, and debtor nations?

The problem is that canceling the debts means erasing the assets upon which our entire financial system depends. These assets are at the basis of your pension fund, the solvency of your bank, and grandma’s savings account. Indeed, a savings account is nothing other than a debt owed you by your bank. To prevent chaos, some entity has to buy the debts for cash, and then cancel those debts (in full or in part, or perhaps just reduce the interest rate to zero). Fortunately, there are deeper and more elegant alternatives to conventional redistributive strategies. I’ll mention two of the most promising: “positive money” and negative-interest currency.

Both of these entail a fundamental change in the way money is created. Positive money refers to money created directly without debt by the government, which can be given directly to debtors for debt repayment or used to purchase debts from creditors and then cancel them. Negative-interest currency (which I describe in depth in Sacred Economics) entails a liquidity fee on bank reserves, essentially taxing wealth at its source. It enables zero-interest lending, reduces wealth concentration, and allows a financial system to function in the absence of growth.

Radical proposals such as these bear in common a recognition that money, like property and debt, is a sociopolitical construct. It is a social agreement mediated by symbols: numbers on slips of paper, bits in computers. It is not an immutable feature of reality to which we can but adapt. The agreements that we call money and debt can be changed. To do so, however, will require a movement that contests the immutability of the current system and explores alternatives to it.

Charles Eisenstein wrote this article for The Debt Issue, the Fall 2015 issue of YES! Magazine. Charles is the author ofSacred Economics and The More Beautiful World Our Hearts Know Is Possible.

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